Motivation is the desire to be moved into action. To have motive is to look for positive incentives and avoid negative incentives. An incentive is the holder’s approach to anticipated reward or an adverse event from the environment. Motivation has many sources but most of these sources are from internal or external events or desires. Motivation has a relationship with behavior and can been in a person behavior. This paper takes a look at motivation and what it is; the paper also looks at the internal and external sources of motivation along with motivations relationship with behavior and ends with motivation in behavior.
Motivation is an internal state or condition is a want, need, or desire. This internal state can cause a person to act or move toward a goal. Motivation similar to intelligence cannot be directly observed, but it can be inferred by noting behavior (SparkNotes, 2005). Motivation can be extrinsic, intrinsic, or both. Extrinsic motivation is done for external rewards such as a person who sings to be famous, or make money. Intrinsic motivation is for the sake of doing the activity such a person who sings for him or herself. An example of both could be a person who sings for religious reasons such as church, this person sings for his or her faith and the sake of singing, but also has the chance of becoming famous. Motivation is also a person springing into a form of action or thought; this action can be done through the pull of an incentive or the push of a motive. A common push is a biological need such as food, and a common pull is a incentive value such as obtaining a higher degree of education. Sources of motivation can be both internal and external.
Sources of Motivation
Internal Sources: Motivation can be from internal source such as biological attributes and psychological depositions (Deckers, 2010). Psychological variables are a need to belong, and as this need increases, associated feelings can increase along with consummatory behaviors. When a person has a strong need to fit into a social affiliation but his or her level is below the status level the need to belong will arise. Biological attributes that motivate behaviors are in the body and brain. One such attribute can be hunger; the need to eat can cause motivation to: search, prepare, and eat food. The biological and psychological attributes to behavior intertwine as the brain and mind. The mind is an emergence property of the brain. The minds mental process is the activity of neurons in the brain a concept of reductionism. The need to eat and the sensation of hunger come from the merger of brain and mind intertwining of the body and brain. Internal sources push toward the incentive which is the desired end. Internal motivations also have an external source.
External Sources: External sources that affect behavior are environmental. The environment can attract or repel with incentives and goals. These attractions can be positive or negative, positive external sources can attract a person toward the incentive although a negative will repel the person. The higher the level of attraction or the more repulsive the attraction will have a more motivation, than the smaller values (Deckers, 2010). Biological attributes to motivation can be hunger, physical needs, and thirst. While external stimulus to motivation can be exploration, curiosity, and sensory stimulation but also be social such as achievement, power, social experiences, and affiliation. Two sources of motivation explain the desires for obtain goals or needs but the relationship between behavior and motivation should have a closer look.
Relationship between motivation and behavior
Motivation and behavior have a push and pull relationship. A person will initiate and direct toward his or her goals this behavior varies with intensity and persistence. Emotions pull on behavior to show emotion. Emotions are functional reaction to an external stimulus. Behavior is emotion that involves physiological change that guides the thought processes. Another push and pull on behavior motivation is energy. To be motivated is to be moved, behave, think, and each of these needs energy. The release of energy from storage provides thought and behavior. Psychological energies and physical energy need power, behavior, and thought (Deckers, 2010). These behavior empowers are necessary for motivation in behaviors.
Motivation in behavior
Motivation varies in intensity and persistence it initiates and directs goals, these goals are found in behavior. Classical conditioning is a response associated with stimuli and direct behavior (SparkNotes, 2005). The approaches that focus on categories to identify people thoughts, disposition, emotions, and behavior are cognitive. The cognitive approach looks at attributes that can explain success or failure of oneself or others these attributes can be internal or external. A person with a motivation to succeed will take the steps and display the necessary behavior to reach his or her goal, but if a person who wants to succeed is interrupted in his or her quest will lose this motivation. This person can also lose the desired behavior to reach the intended goal.
Summary and Conclusion
In conclusion motivation is a desire to move into action from internal or external sources. Internal sources can be thirst, hunger, or physical needs. External sources of motivation are stimulation, curiosity, and exploration. Both internal and external sources of motivation can have social motives and behaviors to empower them. The relationship of behavior and motivation is a push and pull one. The motivation in behavior can from positive or negative outcomes.
Deckers, L. (2010). Motivation: Biological, psychological, and environmental (3rd ed.). Boston: Pearson/Allyn & Bacon.
SparkNotes Editors. (2005). SparkNote on Motivation. Retrieved February 4, 2011, from http://www.sparknotes.com/psychology/psych101/motivation/